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Asia-Pacific Partnership Power Generation Reference Materials

Please note: All of the following documents are also available for download on the following FTP site: ftp://asiapacificpartnership.org


Energy Regulatory and Market Development Forum Information Report

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The first volume in a series of Information Reports to be issued by the Energy Regulatory and Market Development Forum is comprised of data on energy market statistics, structures, institutions, regulatory arrangements and relevant climate change policies of APP countries. The objective of the report is to develop an information resource on energy market issues relevant to the Forum's information sharing activities. The first volume includes contributions from the Australia, Japan, Republic of Korea, and the United States.

Green Handbook Peer Review

The Federation of Electric Power Companies of Japan - April 2007
http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/environment/asia-pacific/green_handbook_peer/index.html
Handbook Public FTP

This textbook was prepared by Japanese electric power companies as a contribution to “PGT-06-01: Best Practices for Power Generation” - one of the activities undertaken by the Power Generation and Power Distribution Task Force.  The textbook describes important issues associated with maintaining and enhancing levels of heat efficiency at coal-fired thermal power plants, and provides useful guidance to technicians in the course of day-to-day operations and maintenance at coal-fired thermal power plants.

Beluga Coal Gasification Feasibility Study

DOE/NETL - 2006/1248
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The objective of the Beluga Coal Gasification Feasibility Study was to determine the economic feasibility of developing and siting a coal-based integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) plant in the Cook Inlet region of Alaska for the co-production of electric power and marketable by-products. This report for Phase 1 summarizes the investigation of an IGCC system for a specific industrial setting on the Cook Inlet, the Agrium U.S. Inc. (“Agrium”) fertilizer plant in Nikiski, Alaska. Faced with an increase in natural gas price and a decrease in supply, the Agrium is investigating.

Environmental Footprints and Costs of Coal-Based Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle and Pulverized Coal Technologies

EPA-430/R-06/006 - July 2006
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The report presents the results of a study conducted to establish the environmental footprint and costs of the coal-based integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology relative to the conventional pulverized coal (PC) technologies. The technology options evaluated are restricted to those that are projected by the authors to be commercially applied by 2010. The IGCC plant configurations include coal slurry-based and dry coal-based, oxygen-blown gasifiers. The PC plant configurations include subcritical, supercritical, and ultra-supercritical boiler designs. Even though the ultra-supercritical design has not been applied in the U.S., it was included based on its commercial experience in Japan and Europe.

Gasification Technologies Project Portfolio: Syngas

DOE/NETL- Version: June 2006 Draft
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Gasification technologies represent the next generation of solid-feedstock-based energy production systems. Gasification breaks down virtually any carbon-based feedstock into its basic constituents. This enables the separation of pollutants and greenhouse gases to produce clean gas for efficient electricity generation and production of chemicals and clean liquid fuels. In a time of electricity and fuel-price spikes, flexible gasification systems provide for operation on low-cost, widely available feedstocks.

Manual on Best Practices in Indian Thermal Power Generation Units

USAID and ICICI Bank -2006/1248
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The objectives of this project are to (1) identify the best operating parameters for coal and Gas based thermal power plants, (2) identify and collate the best practices in Indian power plants which can be suitably fine tuned and replicated in various power plants to move towards achieving the benchmarking figures, and (3) identify the state of the art technologies adopted in international power plants, which will help the Indian power plants to reach the world class standards. Development of this edition of the manual on “Best practices in Thermal Power Generating units” is one of the first steps in the direction of making Indian power plants world class.

Power Plant Usage and Loss Study

DOE/NETL- August 2005
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Estimates have been previously made of water usage or water loss for conceptual power plant configurations and have been used as the basis for comparisons of the water impacts of technology options. These previous estimates have been made using available flow sheet data that have generally not been complete, and as a result have generated potentially misleading comparisons. It is important that any comparisons be made using data from complete water balances for the flow sheets and that all uses, makeup streams, discharges, internal generation and losses be accounted for in the balance and assessment of water streams in order to establish credible conclusions. It is the intent of the study reported here to (1) establish a thorough accounting of water usage throughout the power plant and establish a credible methodology that can be used for future studies, (2) provide a baseline set of cases and water loss data for assessing potential improvements and evaluating R&D programs, and (3) provide a basis for comparing water usage in various types of advanced power systems. The objective of this study is to prepare a source of information from which valid comparisons can be made for the water loss between the various fossil fuel power plants such as IGCC, PC, and NGCC.

An Analysis of the Institutional Challenges to Commercialization and Deployment of IGCC Technology in the U.S. Electric Industry - Final Report

DOE/NETL and NARUC - March 2004
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This Report identifies and prioritizes the institutional (i.e., non-technical) challenges to the rapid commercialization and deployment of coal gasification technologies in the U.S. electric power sector and provides recommendations for overcoming them. It focuses on Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology, the most successful method of producing electric power utilizing coal gasification. The Report recommends a number of regulatory, legislative, executive and policy initiatives, at both the federal and state levels, for achieving those objectives. Readers who want to move directly to the recommendations may skip to Section 4.

An Analysis of the Institutional Challenges to Commercialization and Deployment of IGCC Technology in the U.S. Electric Industry: Recommended Policy, Regulatory, Executive and Legislative Initiatives - Final Report Vol. 2

DOE/NETL and NARUC - March 2004
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Global-Change Associates conducted this study jointly sponsored by DOE/NETL and NARUC. The objective of this study is to outline recommendations for policy, regulatory and legislative initiatives on both the federal and state levels to facilitate the near-term commercialization and deployment of coal gasification technology in the US power industry. Coal gasification technology allows electric power to be generated from a range of coal grades without producing significant solid, liquid or gaseous pollutants or wastes.

Coal-Based Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle: Market Penetration Recommendations and Strategies - Appendices

Booz/Allen/Hamilton - September 2004
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This document contains the appendices to the Coal-Based Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle: Market Penetration Recommendations and Strategies - Final Report, for full report see document link listed above.

Coal-Based Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle: Market Penetration Recommendations and Strategies - Final Report (Coal Gasification Report Chapters)

Booz/Allen/Hamilton - September 2004
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This study looks at the market potential for the use of a typical coal-based IGCC technology in the U.S. from 2004 to 2025. It identifies a number of recommendations designed to enhance IGCC market penetration opportunities given the uncertainties of the future. The study is based upon the latest views and data from experts in the industry, as well as detailed economic and financial modeling and analyses of recent relevant investment decisions. Scenarios representing a range of possible futures are assessed using the Energy Information Administration’s (EIA’s) National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The financial impacts of future technology improvements are further refined using a power pricing model specifically developed for this study. This study examines IGCC-related decisions by the State Public Utility Commissions, as well as publicly available corporate information to identify the role non-Return on Investment (ROI) considerations have had on the IGCC related investment actions. All of this information supports the identification and assessment of a number of market entry options and recommendations for both near-term market entry and longer term market sustainability.

Comparison of Power Efficiency on Grid Level

(Benchmarking Energy Efficiency)
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The main purpose of this study is to make a comparison of fossil-fired power generation efficiency (coal, oil and gas) for the Nordic market (Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway aggregated), Germany, France, UK + Ireland, Japan, US and China. This study is a follow up of “Efficiency of power generation; a country comparison” (Graus and Phylipsen, 2004), which provides an overview of energy efficiency of coal-fired and gas-fired power generation on a country level. This study aims at providing an overview from a slightly different angle, by trying to incorporate the influence of power grid interconnections between countries.

Current and Future IGCC Technologies: Bituminous Coal to Power

Mitretek Technical Report - August 2004
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The United States Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Coal and Environmental Systems Gasification Technologies Program is funding research and development (R&D) whose objective is to improve the efficiency and reduce the costs of advanced Integrated Coal gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technologies. In order to evaluate the benefits of the ongoing R&D, DOE has asked Mitretek Systems to utilize their Energy Systems Analysis capabilities and conceptual computer simulation models to quantify the potential impact of successful R&D on future IGCC configurations.

Current Industry Perspective - Gasification Robust Growth Forecast - World Survey Results

DOE/NETL- 2004
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The United States Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored the 2004 World Gasification Survey in order to accurately describe the world gasification industry as it exists today, to identify planned capac¬ity additions, and to keep the gasification community apprised of current data and trends. This 2004 survey was completed by Childress Associates in collabora¬tion with members of the Gasification Technologies Council (GTC) and follows the initial 1999 worldwide survey and 2001 update.

Deploying IGCC in This Decade With 3Party Covenant Financing - Volume II

Harvard University: John F. Kennedy School of Government - July 2004
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This Volume II provides background on the legal and regulatory framework for implementing the 3Party Covenant and addresses important implementation issues regarding: state PUC regulatory authority, procedures, and policies; application of the 3Party Covenant in states with more traditional utility regulatory systems and states with retail electric competition; and the interaction of state PUC and FERC jurisdiction.

Gasification Technologies; A Program to Deliver Clean, Secure, and Affordable Energy

DOE/NETL
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Gasification technologies represent the next generation of solid-feedstock-based energy production systems. Gasification breaks down virtually any carbon-based feedstock into its basic constituents. This enables the separation of pollutants and greenhouse gases to produce clean gas for efficient electricity generation and production of chemicals and clean liquid fuels.

IEA-China Power Plant Optimisation Study: Summary Visit Report

DTI/Pub URN 04/633 - February 2004
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An audit of the Tongliao Power Plant was undertaken from 13-17 October 2003. The objective was to review the operation, maintenance, performance, emissions, and availability of the plant, and to recommend beneficial, costeffective improvements. To collect information on the performance of Unit 1 and the various issues affecting its operation.

Polygeneration of SNG, Hydrogen, Power and Carbon Dioxide from Texas Lignite

Mitretek Technical Report - December 2004
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The intent of this study is to investigate the feasibility of siting a lignite conversion plant in Texas at the minemouth of the Wilcox lignite deposit. The concept is to coproduce at least three products: electric power, hydrogen or substitute natural gas (SNG), and carbon dioxide. The electric power would be sold to the grid, the hydrogen would be sent by pipeline to the Gulf Coast petroleum refineries, the SNG would be sold as a natural gas supplement, and the carbon dioxide would be pipelined to the West Texas oil fields for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). EOR provides an economically attractive option for sequestering CO2, and thus reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the lignite conversion.

Tampa Electric Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle Project

DOE/FE-0469 - June 2004
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Tampa Electric Company (Tampa Electric) successfully completed a five-year demonstration of a 250-MWe integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power plant based on Texaco’s pressurized, oxygen-blown, entrained-flow gasifier. Tampa Electric worked with the local community, state organizations, and environmental groups to make the project an environmental showcase, and engaged the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the technical community to move IGCC closer to mainstream market acceptance. This project is part of DOE’s Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program (CCTDP) established to address energy and environmental concerns related to coal use. DOE sought cost-shared partnerships with industry through five nationally competed solicitations to accelerate commercialization of the most promising advance coal-based power generation and pollution control technologies. The Tampa Electric project presented here was one of 13 selected in May 1989 from 48 proposals submitted in response to the program’s third solicitation.

Gasification Plant Cost and Performance Optimization - Final Report

DOE/NETL- September 2003
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This project developed optimized designs and cost estimates for several coal and petroleum coke IGCC coproduction projects that produced hydrogen, industrial grade steam, and hydrocarbon liquid fuel precursors in addition to power. The as-built design and actual operating data from the DOE sponsored Wabash River Coal Gasification Repowering Project was the starting point for this study that was performed by Bechtel, Global Energy and Nexant under Department of Energy contract DE-AC26-99FT40342.

Gasification Plant Cost and Performance Optimization: Task 2 Topical Report Coke/Coal Gasification With Liquids Coproduction Vol. 1

DOE/NETL- September 2003
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This report describes Task 2 of a Department of Energy sponsored study (DOE contract DE-AC26-99FT40342) that extended the investigation of petroleum coke and coal fueled IGCC power plants to those that that co-produce liquid transportation fuel precursors using Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbon synthesis technology.